© 2020 WWF - World Wide Fund For Nature© 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund)® “WWF” is a WWF Registered Trademark Creative Commons license. The forest elephant is found in the equatorial rainforest zone of west and central Africa, where relatively large blocks of dense forest still remain. For more information on the IUCN Red List, and the latest versions of the Categories & Criteria, please visit the links on the right. However, the largest of these male elephants can weigh anywhere up to 13,000 Numbering three to five million in the last century, African elephant populations were severely reduced to its current levels because of hunting. The extension of logging roads has allowed poaching for ivory and meat to spread into remote areas of the forest where elephants were once safe from such activities. There are only a handful of countries in central and west Africa that are home to these jungle giants. Save the Elephant (2015) examines that, in less than a decade, the number of African forest elephants went down in a 62 percent because of poaching and civil strife. They are […] In January 2012, over 200 elephants were slaughtered in a raid by invading Sudanese poachers in a … There are between 20,000 and 25,000 of these elephants left in the wild. We also work to establish new protected areas to provide safe havens for elephants. This version of the page will remain live for reference purposes as we work to update the content across our website. © 1986 Panda Symbol WWF – World Wide Fund For Nature (formerly World Wildlife Fund). Among the large mammals of Africa, the elephant is probably one of the most affected by human activities. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Since 1979, African elephants have lost over 50% of their range and this, along with massive poaching for ivory and trophies over the decades, has seen the population drop significantly. The elephants’ range shrank from three million square miles in 1979 to just over one million square miles in 2007. However, recent reserach involving DNA has produced the results that there are actually three main species of elephant: the two African species (Loxodonta Africana) and (Loxodonta cyclotis) and the Asian (Indian) Elephant (Elephas Maximus). But loss of life can occur on both sides, as people may be trampled while trying to protect their livelihoods, and game guards often shoot "problem" elephants. Forest elephants, a distinct subspecies of African elephants, are uniquely adapted to the forest habitat of the Congo Basin, but are in sharp decline due to poaching for the international ivory trade. See more ideas about Elephant, African forest elephant, African elephant. Conservation efforts for the African forest elephant have languished by how little is known about the very large animal, but a recent study from a research team involving a UO biological anthropologist could help address that. Tropical and Subtropical Moist Broadleaf Forests, Flooded Grasslands and Savannahs, Miombo woodlands, Acacia savannahs. We help establish new protected areas within elephant ranges and improve management effectiveness within existing protected areas. Also, The African forest elephants are, similar to Maxwell’s duikers, “important dispersers of seeds through their consumption of fruit” . Make a symbolic animal adoption to help save some of the world's most endangered animals from extinction and support WWF's conservation efforts. Most African elephants are savanna elephants. Please note: This page has been archived and its content may no longer be up-to-date. Introduction. 62% between 2002–2011, and the … They play a pivotal role in shaping their habitat because of the enormous impact they have on factors ranging from fresh water to forest cover. Help the men and women on the front lines of conservation. The number of African forest elephants is on the decline, namely due to poaching for their ivory tusks. Despite their massive size, African forest elephants remains an elusive species, poorly studied because of their habitat in the dense tropical forests of West Africa and the Congo. With the release of this new report, a downgrade in status to Endangered may be forthcoming for the African Elephant. The ivory is often carved into ornaments and jewellery – China is the biggest consumer market for such products. Their herds wander through 37 countries in Africa. 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