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5. Ghana, formerly known as the Gold Coast, was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain her independence from colonialism. The empire became known in Europe and Arabia as the Ghana Empire after the title of its Emperor, the Ghana. Kakum National Park. Here are five interesting facts to share with your friends this Independence Day. The Empire appears to have broken up following the 1076 conquest by the Almoravid General Abu-Bakr Ibn-Umar. Capital: Accra. In 1992, in the first presidential balloting held in Ghana since 1979, Rawlings—representing a new party, the National Democratic Congress (NDC)—was elected president. After independence, Ghana faced turbulent times with coups being a common phenomenon. Busia became prime minister, and a year later a former chief justice, Edward Akufo-Addo, was chosen president. The Flag. The economy and corruption were two of the main themes during the campaign for the 2016 presidential election. The coastline is mostly a low, sandy shore backed by plains and scrub. By 1966 his dream of African socialism was foundering under haphazard and corrupt administration, massive foreign debts, and declining living standards. All these cultures have been intertwined, by way of marriage and association, to help achieve national unity and encourage development. Hilla Limann this failed to produce the radical improvements in the political and economic life of Ghana sought by Rawlings and his colleagues. Edward Akuffo-Addo, Dr. J. Ghana has a strong relationship with the United States. The country shares borders with Côte Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north, and Togo to the east. Akufo-Addo was inaugurated on January 7, 2017. Fact 4: Ghana is heavily dependent on international financial aids. A special prosecutor dedicated to rooting out corruption was appointed in 2018. Subsequent investigations by the country’s Judicial Council resulted in the dismissal of dozens of the accused, including some High Court judges. But under Pres. Ghana is located in West Africa and is sandwiched between Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and Togo. Gold Coast Ghana. GPL: Great Olympics clash against Ebusua Dwarfs postponed, Covid vaccine: UK woman becomes first in world to receive Pfizer jab, Brexit: PM to meet EU chief in bid to save trade deal, 2020 Election: Scuffle breaks out at Bukom Park polling centre (video), Abura Asebu Kwamankese: Felix Kwakye Ofosu concedes defeat, 2020 Election: Any Presidential ballot paper without 12 candidates invalid - EC, Dumelo requests recount in Ayawaso West Wuogon, 2020 Election: Nii Lante Vanderpuye arrested, No party agents for Akua Donkor's party in Navrongo Central Constituency. Ghana s a multi cultured country. To celebrate Nigeria’s 60th independence day, here is a list of 5 interesting facts about Nigeria’s independence day that you need to know. Whatever your Ghanaian know-how, these 16 interesting facts about Ghana … Ghana was colonized for over a century by The British Empire, who named the country The Gold Coast due to the abundance of Gold ... 2. In 1975 the NRC was reorganized to include some civilians, but ultimate power was given to a Supreme Military Council (SMC). 5. The Nation celebrates its 62nd Independence Anniversary in 2019 and the former Gold Coast has come a long way since independence. Ghana is a country located on the Gulf of Guinea. In 1977 the SMC proposed a “Union Government to which everybody will belong,” with no political parties and the military sharing in government with civilians. Fact 3: Ghana is the first sub-Saharan country to gain its independence from Britain in 1957. All Rights Reserved - Primenewsghana.com. 62 Hearty Cheers to Ghana. Fact 5: This continued even when he decided that there was no alternative but to follow conservative economic policies—such as dropping subsidies and price controls in order to reduce inflation, privatizing many state-owned companies, and devaluing currency in order to stimulate exports—that would secure International Monetary Fund (IMF) support and other foreign aid. Currency: Ghana Cedi. Ghana stands for “Warrior King” in the Soninke language. Akufo-Addo’s administration began to follow up on several of his campaign pledges, such as providing free senior secondary education, which was implemented in September 2017. His second military coup established a Provisional National Defense Council as the supreme national government; at local levels, people’s defense committees were to take the campaign for national renewal down to the grass roots. The country has flat plains, low hills and a few rivers. Different ethnic communities come with different beliefs and different cultures. Traditionally, Ghana as a nation was divided into three different castes namely, royals, commoners, and slaves. Formerly known as the Gold Coast, Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan nation to break free from colonial rule. Gen. Joseph A. Ankrah. Some houses are built along the water in Accra, Ghana's largest city. Five interesting facts about Ghana's Independence, The Ghana Football Association (GFA) has announced the postponement of Great…, A 90-year-old woman has become the first person to be given a Covid jab as part…, The Electoral Commission, EC office in Fomena in the Ashanti Region is in…, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson will travel to Brussels later this week to meet…. Ghana’s Atlantic Coast is lined with old forts (castles) built by various European powers during the 17th Century. The first contact between Europe and the Gold Coast dates from 1470, when a party of Portuguese landed. On March, 6th, 1957, Ghana became the first free country in Africa. Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo addressing the United Nations General Assembly's 73rd session, New York City, September 26, 2018. NOW 50% OFF! Mole National Park. The country returned to democratic rule in 1992 and has built a reputation as a stable, liberal economy. It is surrounded by Togo to the east, Côte d'Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea(Atlantic Ocean) to the south. In January 1972 impatient army officers intervened again, and the government was taken over by a National Redemption Council (NRC) of military men chaired by Col. Ignatius Kutu Acheampong. To the south are the Gulf of Guinea and the Atlantic Ocean. Location: Gulf of Guinea, Atlantic Ocean. Culture and tradition of the Ghanaian people of West Africa are mixed especially due to the fact that the country boasts of several tribes that ... 2. Fighting between the members broke out. Population: 27 million. It is located along the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea. With a strong history and culture spanning over centuries, we highlighted some modern facts to know about Ghana. Eventually, in 1979, as the economy floundered, the government of the generals was overthrown by young officers and noncommissioned officers, led by an air force flight lieutenant, Jerry Rawlings. Ghana was colonized for over a century by The British Empire, who named the country The Gold Coast due to the abundance of Gold it had. For the next 25 years, Ghana was typically governed by military rulers with varying economic impacts. The Ghanaian Currency Known because the Cedi Is Actually a … Ghana gained its independence on March 6, 1957. Despite the economic progress that had been made during Rawlings’s rule, much of the Ghanaian press and many Ghanaian professionals remained highly critical of his economic policies and authoritarian political style. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 4. 1. It is cross… Cape Coast Castle. John Dramani Mahama was sworn in as interim president later that day. Mahama faced seven other candidates, including Akufo-Addo, who again represented the NPP. Ghana - Ghana - Independence: Nkrumah saw independent Ghana as a spearhead for the liberation of the rest of Africa from colonial rule and the establishment of a socialist African unity under his leadership. The military regime was clearly failing to maintain good order or anything approaching a prosperous or stable economy. Mahama presided over a period of growing discontent caused by a weakening economy—partly due to declining prices on Ghana’s main exports and growing public wage costs—as well as power shortages and corruption scandals. He was reelected to a second term in 1996 with almost three-fifths of the vote. The square was completed in 1961 to commemorate their independence. Photograph by … source: Wikipedia. Celebrations also take place in different parts of the world where Ghanaians have found a second home. However, when Western Region parliament met to approve this change, Akintola supporters in the parliament started a riot in the chambers of the parliament. The transition from colonialism to Independence for the Gold Coast should be attributed to not only the leader, Dr. Kwame Nkrumah but also the others that are referred to as the “Big Six” (Dr. Kwame Nkrumah, Mr. Obetsebi-Lamptey, Mr. Ako Adjei,Mr. The machinery of government was overhauled and conservative financial policies introduced. Ghana's first President, Kwame Nkrumah, was ousted nine years after independence. After the electoral commission declared Mahama the winner, the NPP filed a petition with the Supreme Court to challenge the results. 6 places to visit in Ghana. In February, while Nkrumah was in Beijing, army and police leaders rose against him, and his regime was replaced by a National Liberation Council chaired by Lieut. Initially settled by Africans, Ghana was occupied by Europeans since 1492, but it … Five interesting facts about Ghana's Independence. A constituent assembly produced a constitution for a second republic, and a general election was held in August 1969. Acheampong was replaced as SMC chairman by Lieut. Ghana started its fight for Independence around 1830 about ten years after the British colonized it in 1821. But a national referendum held to approve this served mainly to show the unpopularity of the SMC. John Evans Atta Mills on July 24, 2012. One of the scandals that rocked the country broke in 2015 when a journalist, Anas Aremeyaw Anas, released the results of his two-year investigation into corruption in Ghana’s judicial system. President: John Dramani Mahama. Ghana Was the First Sub-Saharan Country in Africa to Gain Independence, this must be enlisted in Ghana facts for kids. Regardless of the fact that they had differen… Nkrumah saw independent Ghana as a spearhead for the liberation of the rest of Africa from colonial rule and the establishment of a socialist African unity under his leadership. It is only a few degrees north of the Equator. The British colony of the Gold Coast and the Togoland trust territory lead to the formation of the nation, Ghana in the year 1957. Ghana fought for Independence for a very long time ultimately ending in 1957. 1. The 1st of October is a very significant day for all Nigerians. Kokrobite Beach. Ghana benefits significantly from its exports of precious metals such as gold, aluminum, and diamonds. The British-educated leader of independence, Kwame Nkrumah, made his emphasis clear in 1945 at the Pan-African Congress. This square is located in Accra and is an iconic landmark for Ghana. Ghana Independence History. But the civilian regime, handicapped by the great burden of foreign debt it had inherited and the low prices then obtained by cocoa on the world market, was slow to produce the results expected of it. The Republic of Ghana is named after the medieval West African Ghana Empire. This gives it a warm climate. Independence Day celebrations. In July 1972 a retroactive Subversion Decree was enacted under which military courts were empowered to impose the death penalty for offenses such as subversive political activity, robbery, theft, and damaging public property, and, from 1973, for the spreading of rumours and profiteering. Today, however, although Ghana, is a presidential democracy, the Ashanti kingdom still survived in the country as a sub-national proto-state that enjoys constitutional protection. Ghana is one of such countries and a lot of people do not know this but Ghana was the first African country to gain her independence in 1957. The NDC parliamentary candidate for Abura Asebu Kwamankese has in a Facebook…, The Electoral Commission has responded to alleged cases of some officials…, The NDC parliamentary candidate for the Ayawaso West Wuogon, John Dumelo is…, Member of Parliament for the Odododiodoo constituency, Edwin Nii Lante…, Akua Donkor's Ghana Freedom Party (GFDP) has no party agents to monitor voting…. Kwame Nkrumah was deposed through a military coup. Ghana Independence Day 2020-Theme,History & Facts Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast) became the first Sub-Saharan African country to become independent of European colonization on 6 March 1957. Every year, the president delivers a speech of solidarity to Ghanaians. Ghana is ranked the most peaceful country in Africa by the Global Peace Index. Fact 2: The official language of Ghana is English along with other African languages. Rawlings stepped down from the presidency in early 2001 and was succeeded by John Agyekum Kufuor of the New Patriotic Party (NPP) in the first peaceful transfer of power between democratically elected governments since Ghanaian independence in 1957; Kufuor was reelected in 2004. Be prepared to be served with little-known facts about Ghana, a wonderful and tropical country in West Africa. The People of Ghana Type of Government: constitutional democracy Languages Spoken: English (official), African languages (including Akan, Moshi-Dagomba, Ewe, and Ga) Independence: 6 March 1957 (from UK) National Holiday: Independence Day, 6 March (1957) Nationality: Ghanaian(s) Religions: Christian 63%, Muslim 16%, indigenous beliefs 21% National Symbol: black star; golden eagle The national assembly was dissolved, public meetings prohibited, political parties proscribed, and leading politicians imprisoned. To address the country’s economic problems, in 2015 the government received a financial assistance package from the IMF to support economic reform. View Images. Religion: Christian and Muslim. Accra is the capital and and largest city of Ghana. It has an abundance of culture with it boasting of at least five major language groups namely; Dagomba, Ewe, Fante, Ashanti and the Ga. The city stretches along the Ghanaian Atlantic coast and extends north inland. Ghanian Pres. Another one of the interesting facts about Ghana is that Ghana was ranked as Africa’s most peaceful country by the Global Peace Index. The Gold Coast was also attractive to The British due to the wealth of natural and valuable resources to trade such as diamonds, timber, and ivory. A program to boost the economy by getting at least one factory in each of the country’s more than 200 districts was also launched in 2017. 4. It is the day the West African country gained its independence from the British rule. Mills died in office on July 24, 2012, near the end of his term. B. Danquah, Mr. William Ofori Atta) for their earlier brave and selfless actions for the cause. In fact, the Ashanti monarchy still continues (in a much smaller form) inside Ghana. Africa faced brutal colonialism by the Europeans such that gaining independence was the highest aspiration of any nation in Africa. The Cape ... 2. Inspired by the Ethiopian flag, the Ghanaian flag was the second African flag to feature a combination of red, green, and yellow. He later was selected to be the NDC’s presidential candidate in the December 7, 2012, election. The Empire is one of the most internationally famous African empires and was extensively studied by the British. But Rawlings easily snuffed out two countercoups in 1982 and 1983, and it was apparent that there was wide and genuine approval of his purpose of reforming Ghana’s political and economic life. Following Ghana’s independence in 1957, Accra became the capital of the newly independent state. These free-market measures revived Ghana’s economy, which by the early 1990s had one of the highest growth rates in Africa. This resulted in a substantial victory for the Progress Party, led by Kofi Busia, a university professor who had consistently opposed Nkrumah. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa, partly because of its considerable natural wealth and partly because it was the first black African country south of the Sahara to achieve independence from colonial rule. The Name ‘Nigeria’ The name ‘Nigeria’ was coined […] Area: 92,099 square miles. Ghana Independence Day celebrates the country’s independence from the United Kingdom. The Big Six. 3. Ghana is a country located in West Africa. 1. Demonym: Ghanaian. She gained her independence on March 6, 1957. The Minister was an innovator in Africa since Ghana was one of the first countries in the continent to reach independence. Ghana was the first country in sub-Saharan Africa to gain independence. Nkrumah’s administration, the 1966 coup, and the return to civilian rule. In the December 2008 presidential elections, the NPP’s candidate, Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo, won the first round of voting but did not secure a majority of the vote. The country’s primary economic driver is its trove of natural riches. Since independence, Ghana has been devoted to ideals of nonalignment and is a founding member of the Non-Aligned Movement. Oil and agriculture are also major pillars of Ghana’s economy. Akuffo, who was less effective in governing than his predecessor. The party leadership under Awolowo disagreed and replaced Akintola as premier of the West with one of their own supporters. There has been another scuffle in the Odododiodoo constituency in today's polls. Still, there was a peaceful transfer of power, which was heralded by many observers as proof of Ghana’s democratic stability. The Black Star in the center taken from Black Star line in another shipping corporation which was produced by Marcus Garvey. In 1957, Prime Minister Kwame Nkrumah declared independence. Jerry J. Rawlings addressing the United Nations Millennium Summit, September 7, 2000. Meanwhile, Mahama had been sworn in for his first full term as president earlier that year, on January 7. Ghana endured a long series of coups before Lt. Jerry RAWLINGS took power in … On the Pan-African front Nkrumah’s messianism was increasingly challenged by other leaders of an ever-growing number of independent states. The Gold Coast was renamed Ghana upon independence in 1957 because of indications that present-day inhabitants descended from migrants who moved south from the ancient kingdom of Ghana. Vice Pres. Ghana is one of more than 50 countries on the African continent, but there are some interesting facts about Ghana that show why it’s one of Africa’s most well-known countries. It gained its independence on March 6, 1957. The electoral commission declared that Mahama was the winner with 50.7 percent of the vote—just enough to avoid having a runoff election with Akufo-Addo, who trailed him with 47.74 percent. Gold, cocoa and … The traditional religious practices of the Ghanaian people were also almost similar. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! Its official name is the Republic of Ghana. After the founding of a republic in 1960, the state became identified with a single political party (the CPP), with Nkrumah, as life president of both, taking ever more power for himself. 95. 2. 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