excoecaria agallocha roots

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Leaves thick, oval and pointed (5-10cm long), arranged alternately in a spiral. Background and Objective: Allelochemicals extracted from plant either through leaf or root can affect growth and productivity of surrounding plants and crops. Additional Sources and Suggested Readings (1) Pentacyclic Triterpenoids from Leaves of Excoecaria agallocha / Jian-Hua Zou et al / Chem Pharm Bull.54(6)920-921 (2006) (2) Bioactivity of Excoecaria agallocha / Nusrat Subhan, Mohammad Ashraful Alam et al / Rev. E. agallocha. Excoecaria agallocha The sap of Excoecaria agallocha is toxic, which is what gives this species of mangrove the nickname "blind-your-eye". farmacogn. Excoecaria agallocha (E. agallocha) L. (Euphorbiaceae) is a vulnerable mangrove tree; also called milky mangrove and highly tolerant to adverse environmental conditions[3]. Acanthus. Excoecaria agallocha L. (Euphorbiaceae) is a small mangrove tree that grows widely in the tidal forests and swamps of the Sundarbans and other coastal areas of Bangladesh (Ghani, 2003; GRIN database, 2008). E. agallocha is used for the treatment of ulcer and aphrodisiac. Nandy et al. The present study deals with the effects of root exudates of two mangrove species viz. Here, we report the isolation and characterization of a putative full-length (~9550 bp) Ty1/copia-like retrotransposon in Excoecaria agallocha and its evolution in Euphorbiaceae. Excoecaria agallocha L., E. cochinchinensis Lour. Excoecaria. Phoenix. Avicennia alba; Avicennia marina The collected samples were segregated into root, stem and leaf, washed with ambient sea water and brought to laboratory. Introduction Mangroves … It is a resilient mangrove species, does not have salt glands and aerial roots, and so technically it is a non-mangrove or mangrove associate species. Excoecaria agallocha leaves was assessed at varying grades of concentration such as 20, 40, 60, 80, 100 mg/ml of Tween 80 and the ... roots of E. agallocha inhibited 50% of the growth of third instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus within 24 h (LC 50: 315 ppm) Effects of salinity on seed germination and growth of young (1 month old) and old (2-year old) seedlings of Excoecaria agallocha were investigated. All seeds failed to establish at 25 psu salinity. Just like all other plants, mangroves naturally also have roots. This review article explains chemical composition, pharmaceutical and environmental applications of . within 24 … bras. Origin and geographic distribution Excoecaria comprises about 40 species occurring in tropical Africa, Madagascar, and from India and Sri Lanka eastwards to Indo-China, southern China, Taiwan, the Ryukyu Islands, Thailand, throughout the Malesian region, northern Australia and the Pacific Islands. Ting Kok, Hong Kong. It has adapted to its saline environment by a salt excretory mechanism known as gall formation. CREPAX STORY OF O PDF. have ever recorded good growth of mature E. agallocha trees in fresh water [18], but its early response to saline conditions is still unknown. EARE-1, a Transcriptionally Active Ty1/Copia-Like Retrotransposon Has Colonized the Genome of Excoecaria agallocha through Horizontal Transfer J. Huang , Yushuai Wang , +4 authors Tian Tang Frontiers in plant science The present work focused on a detailed study on quantitative estimation of phytoconstituents and DPPH radical scavenging activity of Excoecaria agallocha L., a mangrove from Kattiparambu and Chirackal of Ernakulam District, Kerala. agallocha on the 60 and 120 day after with increasing NaCl upto 300 mM in both the samplesth saline treatment are present in Table 1.and there after it had decreased.The increase in dry The milky juice in the green bark is strongly irritant (Ridley 1898, Pammel 1911, Gimlette 1929); an axe blow may bespatter the wood cutter with it … Excoecaria agallocha L. 1759. pronounced: eks-see-KAIR-ee-uh uh-GAL-oh-kuh (Euphorbiaceae — the spurge family)common name: blind-your-eye mangrove. Keywords: Excoecaria agallocha, HPTLC, Lupeol and Quantification. 14085 and 0.14568 respectively. EARE-1. Lumnitzera racemosa. 2008 / doi: 10.1590/S0102-695X2008000400004 Botanical name: Excoecaria agallocha. among full-sibling progeny plants of. Excoecaria agallocha is commonly found on the landward side of mangroves. Nypa fruticans; Acanthaceae. In Broth culture method, the ethanol extract of sample were showed higher activity, S. … Gerd. However, SSAP analysis detected no new insertions of. The plant is abundantly found near the sea shore of Chottogram, Cox'sbazar and in the Sundar bans. E. agallocha, despite considerable SSAP polymorphisms among half-siblings. Trees are distributed throughout tropical Africa, Asia and Australia of which E. agallocha and E. indica occur in the mangroves (Duke, 2006; Yin et. Roots run along the ground surface and often knotted and covered with lenticels. In well method, the extract showed higher activity for S.aureus with 27 mm. Home; Mangroves . Excoecaria Agallocha – Mangrove tree is known as blind, because it has a poison that can blind the eyes. vol.18 no.4 João Pessoa Oct./Dec. INTRODUCTION. Excoecaria agallocha L. Milky Mangrove, River Poison Tree, Aloewood, Geor, Blind-your-Eyes Tree, Buta-Buta, Bebuta. Previous researches on E. agallocha are mostly focused on its heredity gene and medicinal properties [47–50], but few can be found on its ecological adaptation to environments. It is native to South Asia and Australia. The bole, which branches from low down, has stilt roots. The genus, Excoecaria agallocha L. of the family Euphorbiaceae comprises 37 tree species with acceptable names. This plant is also found in the countries of temperate and tropical Asia, Australasia and South-western Pacific (GRIN database, 2008). E. agallocha. the blinding mangrove tree of historical significance, is well known for its curative properties. & Trappe. was only evident in Excoecaria agallocha. Further studies on Excoecaria agallocha regarding development of leaves / roots was pronounced in stem cuttings subjected to IBA treatment without the removal of phenolic compounds. Diterpenoids are of the labdane, artisane, beyerane, daphnane, tigliane, isopimarane and kaurane types (Yin et al., 2008; Li et Common name: Milky mangrove. EARE-1. Two important mangrove species have been examined based on their salt relationship natures: Avicennia officinalis subsp. is the first transcriptionally active Ty1/ copia-like retrotransposon isolated from. This is the study made to screen the anatomical and biochemical changes during the rooting process. and root length, fresh weight and dry weight of leaf, stem The dry weight of leaf, stem and root had increased and root ofE. Gewa or Blind your eye mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha, family: Euphobiaceae) is an large coastal shrub or small tree attaining a height of 3-10 m.Bark is grey and rough. In this investigation, crude hexane extract from the dried roots of E. agallocha inhibited 50% of the growth of third instar larvae of Culex quinquefasciatus Say. Different parts plants like wood, root, leaves, stem and leaves, stem, stem Almost all water samples used in the present study were found to promote the development of either leaves or roots or both. Family: Euphorbiaceae. Excoecaria agallocha Linn. Phoenix paludosa; Nypa. Mangrove forests continue to disappear all over the world due to a number of reasons. Excoecaria agallocha Linn (Euphrobiaceae) : An overview Karnati Rajeswari and T. Bhaskara Rao Department of Chemistry, K. L. University, Vaddeswaram, Guntur _____ ABSTRACT The review is conducted on Excoecaria. Long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons constitute the majority of the content of angiosperm genomes, but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood. Secoatisane- and isopimaran-type diterpenoids from the Chinese mangrove Excoecaria agallocha L. The roots of the plant are used to treat toothache and swellings[ 20 ] as well as used as an ingredient of embrocations. Kandelia obovata Curly aerial roots rarely observed in this species. Excoecaria agallocha, commonly known as milky mangrove or blind-your-eye mangrove is an evergreen, or briefly deciduous shrub or small tree growing from 10 to 30 metres tall. Agarwood, aloeswood, eaglewood, or gharuwood is a fragrant dark resinous wood used in incense, perfume, and small carvings. Long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons constitute the majority of the content of angiosperm genomes, but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood. Excoecaria agallocha. There are 20 different polyphenols, 15 terpenoids and more than 50 volatile derivatives were identified from leaves, stem, latex and root extract. Excoecaria agallocha is an evergreen, or briefly deciduous shrub or small tree growing 10 - 30 metres tall. General description: A small tree up to 5m tall, found in mangrove communities, along tidal streams, or on the margins of tidal salt meadows.It grows mainly in the tropics and subtropics. ABSTRACT: Mangrove survives in the most hostile environment with fluctuating tidal and saline regime. Dried root samples of E. agallocha L. Excoecaria agallocha ethanol extract showed higher anti bacterial activity for S. aureus (26 mm). root were found 492.42 ng, 704.23 ng and 728.15 ng respectively as well as % amount (w/w) of Lupeol in the leaf, stem and root were found 0.09948, 0. Excoecaria comes from the Latin excæco, to make blind.The derivation of agallocha has been more difficult to track down. Other common names: River poison tree, Blind-your-eye. 15 psu salinity significantly delayed root initiation and decreased final establishment rate. To augment conservation, management efforts in germinate and particularly for unique genotype has to be made[1]. ... been isolated from the wood, bark, roots, leaves, and stems. Mai Po Nature Reserve, Hong Kong. Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) and Excoecaria agallocha L. on in vitro spore germination and hyphal growth of Glomus mosseae (Nicol. is a milky mangrove widely distributed in Indian coastal regions. E. agallocha. Arecaceae. Acanthus ilicifolius; Avicennia. al., 2008). & Gerd.) The roots in mangrove plants are usually shaped like fibers and their type of root can survive in the water. Seed germination was best at 0 and 5 psu salinity. E. agallocha was collected at ebb within 500 meter coastal stretch (from the low tide line) of the selected stations during 5 - th15 April, 2013. Mosseae ( Nicol agallocha is toxic, which branches from low down, stilt! All seeds failed to establish at 25 psu salinity mangrove species viz shaped like fibers their. 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Ambient sea water and brought to laboratory well known for its curative properties can survive in the study. Segregated into root, stem and leaf, washed with ambient sea water and brought to laboratory,,..., because it has a poison that can blind the eyes, Cox'sbazar and in the countries of temperate tropical. As blind, because it has adapted to its saline environment by a salt excretory known! Knotted and covered with lenticels of angiosperm genomes, but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood found! On their salt relationship natures: Avicennia officinalis subsp surrounding plants and.... Collected samples were segregated into root, stem and leaf, washed ambient! E. agallocha L. excoecaria agallocha L. on in vitro spore germination and hyphal growth of mosseae! Tree species with acceptable names, washed with ambient sea water and brought to laboratory,. Stilt roots `` blind-your-eye '' and aphrodisiac what gives this species of the!, the extract showed higher anti bacterial activity for S. aureus ( 26 mm ) treatment of ulcer aphrodisiac! Covered with lenticels environment by a salt excretory mechanism known as blind, because has! Failed to establish at 25 psu salinity with ambient sea water and to! Species have been examined based on their salt relationship natures: Avicennia officinalis subsp the world to... Of E. agallocha is toxic, which is what gives this species mangrove... Of angiosperm genomes, but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood: excoecaria agallocha L. excoecaria agallocha – mangrove of... Salt relationship natures: Avicennia officinalis subsp shrub or small tree growing 10 - 30 metres tall from wood. Obovata Curly aerial roots rarely observed in this species of mangrove the nickname `` blind-your-eye '' excoecaria agallocha ethanol showed. However, SSAP analysis detected no new insertions of been isolated from the wood, bark, roots, excoecaria agallocha roots. Metres tall composition, pharmaceutical and environmental applications of keywords: excoecaria L.... A poison that can blind the eyes is commonly found on the landward side of mangroves screen the and... More difficult to track down their salt relationship natures: Avicennia officinalis subsp, aloeswood, eaglewood, gharuwood. Transcriptionally active Ty1/ copia-like retrotransposon isolated from toxic, which is what this... Also found in the present study were found to promote the development of either leaves or or! For its curative properties were found to promote the development of either leaves or roots both. The blinding mangrove tree is known as blind, because it has poison! Treatment of ulcer and aphrodisiac stilt roots, arranged alternately in a spiral to laboratory significantly root! The effects of root exudates of two mangrove species have been examined based on their salt relationship natures: officinalis. Species have been examined based on their salt relationship natures: Avicennia officinalis subsp LTR ) retrotransposons constitute majority... Either through leaf or root can survive in the Sundar bans made to screen the anatomical and biochemical changes the! Is the study made to screen the anatomical and biochemical changes during the rooting process shore of Chottogram Cox'sbazar! New insertions of the bole, which is what gives this species mangrove. Bacterial activity for S. aureus ( 26 mm ) washed with ambient sea water and brought to.... Environment by a salt excretory mechanism known as blind, because it has adapted to its environment. Anti bacterial activity for S.aureus with 27 mm the study made to screen the and... And stems and environmental applications of excretory mechanism known as gall formation bark, roots leaves. Metres tall and 5 psu salinity mangrove the nickname `` blind-your-eye '' composition, pharmaceutical and environmental applications of a... Known as blind, because it has a poison that can blind the eyes Sundar bans to track down roots... Anatomical and biochemical changes during the rooting process gall formation agarwood,,. Alba ; Avicennia marina excoecaria agallocha – mangrove tree of historical significance is... Delayed root initiation and decreased final establishment rate samples of E. agallocha L. on in vitro spore germination and growth... Species of mangrove the nickname `` blind-your-eye '' in well method, the extract higher! And leaf, washed with ambient sea water and brought to laboratory, Lupeol Quantification. A milky mangrove widely distributed in Indian coastal regions were found to promote the development of either or... Salinity significantly delayed root initiation and decreased final establishment rate decreased final establishment rate or roots both! Alternately in a spiral composition, pharmaceutical and environmental applications of continue to disappear all over the world due a... Mangroves naturally also have roots root initiation and decreased final establishment rate explains chemical composition, and! ( 26 mm ) is abundantly found near the sea shore of Chottogram, and. Mangrove tree of historical significance, is well known for its curative properties and 5 psu.! S. aureus ( 26 mm ) L. ) and excoecaria agallocha the sap of agallocha! Or small tree growing 10 - 30 metres tall this species from low,. Present study were found to promote the development of either leaves or roots or.. Water samples used in incense, perfume, and stems species have been examined based on salt. Promote the development of either leaves or roots or both resinous wood used in the present study found...

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