vegetation of ghana pdf

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Conclusion The Upper East Region of Ghana is the worst degraded region. Ghana is a West African country in Africa, along the Gulf of Guinea, just a few degrees north of the equator.. Ghana encompasses plains, low hills, rivers, Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake, Dodi Island and Bobowasi Island on the south Atlantic Ocean coast of Ghana. Ghana all stars images of ghana. 0000004953 00000 n The flora of Ghana is diverse with both indigenous and introduced floral species considered in Ghana's floral diversity. 0000054621 00000 n Notwithstanding, Vegetation in Africa is classified into two main types; natural Vegetation and artificial or man-made Vegetation. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization helping the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record and to advance research and teaching in sustainable ways. The deciduous forest receives rainfall of 1500mm annually. In central Ghana, the Main, Eastern, and Central Transitional Zones (MTZ, CTZ, and ETZ) share common elements of a transitional climate with two rainy seasons and transitional forest-savanna vegetation. Vileeyebrow. Geography thus has a vital contribution to make towards the purpose of education, i.e., solving societal problems and further providing the critical foundation knowledge in the development of Ghana. Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana is one of the leading countries of Africa and is celebrated for its rich history. Agriculture in Ghana. An estimated population of 27 million people live in Ghana in 2014. Most of Zimbabwean collection has been computerized with the type specimens also digitized. 50 0 obj <> endobj xref 50 38 0000000016 00000 n kinds of woody vegetation which occur on the Accra Plains: dry tropical forest, large thickets, and isolated clumps of thicket. Vegetation plays a vital role in our natural ecosystem and also supports the biosphere in various ways; vegetation helps to regulate the flow of numerous biogeochemical cycles, most importantly those of water, carbon, and nitrogen; it also contributes in the local and global energy balances. On Weija Lake the pioneer sudd-forming plant was Pistia stratiotes; the first colonisers of Pistia mats were the sedge Oxycaryum cubense and the grass Echinochloa pyramidalis, while later other plants became established. The annual precipitation is poor, and the wet season lasts 3 to 4 months, so the vegetation of this zone is rare and the present grasses are extremely short. 0000001774 00000 n There are two rainy seasons, from March to July and from September to October, separated by a short cool dry season in August and a relatively long dry season in the south from mid-October to March. Except in the north two rainy seasons occur, from April to July and from September to November. E�H�����Xa���/����w���ËE:%�d~&?�_�/�W�+xCހ��-��� ADVERTISEMENTS: In this article we will discuss about:- 1. For terms and use, please refer to our Terms and Conditions Kirkia Some houses are built along the water in Accra, Ghana's largest city. Published By: National Herbarium & Botanic Garden, Read Online (Free) relies on page scans, which are not currently available to screen readers. Floral diversity is more pronounced among the angiosperms represented with well over 2,974 indigenous and 253 introduced species in Ghana. 0000012104 00000 n © 1998 National Herbarium & Botanic Garden It shares borders with Côte d’Ivoire to … Ghana’s climate Ghana has a tropical climate. Geography and Climate of Ghana . 0000027450 00000 n The name KIRKIA was chosen to commemorate Sir John Kirk (1832-1922) who accompanied David Livingstone as a Botanist on his expedition to the Zambezi, Victoria Falls, Shire Valley, Lake Nyasa and Rovuma River between 1858 and 1863. Vector vegetation map available in Adobe Illustrator, EPS, PDF, PNG and JPG formats to download. Within 18 months from closure of the dam and subsequent lake-filling there was an explosive growth of aquatic macrophytes and sudd development on the lake. �"B endstream endobj 61 0 obj <> endobj 62 0 obj <>stream A total of some 3,600 species of the major regional centres of endemism represent the three major taxonomic groups. 0000002269 00000 n Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. 5:22. Southern Ghana contains evergreen and semideciduous forests, consisting of tall silk cottons, kolas, and valuable West African hardwoods such as mahogany, odum, and ebony. Read A Historical Geography of Ghana PDF Free. Request Permissions. /�W-���EGGG�#���0K�@�0p q���-��2��Ft L�ց$���1 �AI���I[�� �� �f`\, �z 6�H2�3�aL������A�A������� ���l,�+Xf�[p�`IS.��� �W��c`�ߟ"�|@>��A�c�o�.����-r64F2c����D�)�20y+�� L�� endstream endobj 51 0 obj <>/Metadata 48 0 R/Pages 45 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 52 0 obj <>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 53 0 obj <> endobj 54 0 obj <> endobj 55 0 obj <> endobj 56 0 obj [/ICCBased 83 0 R] endobj 57 0 obj [/Separation/PANTONE#205275#20C 82 0 R<>] endobj 58 0 obj <> endobj 59 0 obj <> endobj 60 0 obj <>stream Types of Vegetation. -�EqbI��`i�B��d�[�&�Q�E�~trJG�!�gl�>|]nv���Ϧ��vfs�.��x�m0�p�bY��o珫�{n��L����λ�8um���e�7���Cx,�o��N���f�h��u���sf�0����1m����6�`����]�����)������Lu�^�L;v�25m��p Box 55, Legon, Ghana 2 Institute of Aquatic Biology, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, P.O. 0000007044 00000 n Kamden Nolen. The major types of vegetation in Ghana are: a) Strand and Mangrove: This vegetation can be found along the coast or lagoons where the soil is salty and water-logged for most of the year. The value of geography lies in helping people to understand and … 0000006734 00000 n With an area of 238,533 km², the nation is slightly smaller than the UK, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of Oregon. Flora. The ecological diversity, and hence the source of medicinal plants, is. Ecological articles were only published if they were of a general nature. Because Ghana is only a few degrees north of the Equator, its climate is considered tropical. All Rights Reserved. PAPER 3: Element of Practical and Physical Geography 0000007069 00000 n 0000002382 00000 n 0000011334 00000 n 0000003669 00000 n Rainfall 5. The patterns of economic activity with emphasis on Ghana. Ghana vegetation map. Cocoa, oil palm, … Photograph by … 2:57. Ghana’s capital is the coastal city of Accra. Air Pressure and Winds 4. ©2000-2020 ITHAKA. Mazowe Botanic Reserve is 48 hectares in extend under in-situ conservation comprising of miombo woodland, the riparian vegetation along Mazowe River and scenic granite kopjes. Ghana Map Last Friday, President Nana Addo Dankwa Akufo-Addo concluded the constitutional mandate of creating six new regions, bringing the number to 16 in the country . H�\�͊�@�OQ��Ec�n�� �Y���0Z�#�^������ $���8`�����w�˿���'w��v�����Dw���ϊҵ]3}�Ϳ͵�>�S���-�*��H���pO��v��Y�ml�����k{|v��}��k�'�p��k�9=�K=|�����C��w��%��w���]9��4�6އ��c�_bV-�g�}���ط�]7�ӹ�]�YU���eY���*�p�H���Y�_�_���K�-�yǼC~c~C�3'L��|�����@.�a��#��a��9 +�"�!����tz8��y��a� ����4{��6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄6�Mh؄� To the southeast, the Akwapim Togo Mountains (ATM) make up Ghana’s highland ecoregion. 0000005513 00000 n Sudd vegetation remained, however, as seasonal sudds which formed following the major rainy season (May-June) each year. Ԗ�[�o��%�"W`K�`Gv`���c�,`%+�=-zZ���i��ub�\A�c�C�c� �1W��+�u��:�:�:� The country has a north-south extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent of about 560 km. 0000004672 00000 n GEOG 304 Regional Geography of West Africa, with Special reference to Ghana. 0000003840 00000 n There the vegetation consists mostly of tall Guinea grass, together with a scattering of low trees, such as the shea butter tree, various species of acacia, and baobabs. The increase in vegetation cover from 2002 to 2017 could be significantly associated with the national forest plantation development programme (NFPDP) launched by the Ghana government in 2001 to foster the development of a sustainable forest resource base that will satisfy future demand for industrial timber and enhance environmental quality. near the Zambezi River in Mozambique. 0000003634 00000 n Marketing cloth in Ghana - Textiles in Ghana Ebook A New Geography Of 0000017084 00000 n 0000007197 00000 n With a personal account, you can read up to 100 articles each month for free. The vegetation map of Ghana clearly shows the kind of vegetation that grows in each part of the country. 0000012750 00000 n Location of Savanna Climate 2. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean.It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator. Terrestrial vegetation types in the coastal zone of the Region include Sand Dunes with extensive coconut plantations, Wet Evergreen Forest, Moist Evergreen Forest, Moist Semi-Deciduous Forest, Grasslands and Evergreen shrubs occurring further inland. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. �:ev�[A���th0�́� s�9�h0�́� g�3���Gяr�b�r�b�r�b�r�b�r�b�r�b��E?ʹ��ʹ:�e?�~��(�Q���Gُ�e?�~���1� ~���7� ~���7� ~���7� ~���7� ~���_bV�(��R�1kC��=�^ޏ��q�m��Ѽ�c��-i��#t}�ܵ����*|�� Importance of agriculture in Ghana. The aims of the journal was to confine articles concerning African botany and to give priority to articles dealing with taxonomy, flroristic studies, phytogeography and the history of botany and botanical exploration. 0000010522 00000 n Box 38, Achimota, Ghana SUMMARY The Densu River in Ghana was dammed near Accra in 1974 to create Weija Lake. The climate of Ghana is tropical, but temperatures vary with season and elevation. These are systematically and geographically arranged and are continuously updated and re-arranged following new publication (Flora Zambesiaca, Kew Bulletin, Monographs and other recognized journals). 0000003951 00000 n )with fire resistant shrubs, often referred to as woodland savanna. JSTOR®, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA. Ghana GeoGraphy, climate and population Ghana is situated on the west coast of Africa with a total area of 238 540 km2. 2:02. Learn more about the country of Ghana here. Ghana's topography consists mainly of low plains but its south-central area does have a small plateau. 0000001675 00000 n It falls under the Department of Research and Specialist Services within the Research Services Division in the Ministry of Agriculture, Mechanization and Irrigation Development. Mangrove trees reach heights of 10 to 15 metres high. 0000008935 00000 n These seasonal sudds, although they did not cover large portions of the lake, reduced water quality, created public health problems, reduced fish catches and choked feeder streams to the lake. Moving northwards, within the savanna region, there is at first densely wooded and vigorous grassland (Andropogon, spp. East Region of Ghana are reflected in unsustainable farming practices, removal of vegetation cover (including deforestation and overgrazing), mining activities, and urbanization and industrial activities caused by increased population growth pressures. Today's Weather. Our eps map can be modify to show any change. Natural Vegetation – this Vegetation includes plants that do not need to be recovered by human actions and activities but grows naturally on their own in a particular region. As observed on the map above, Ghana is dissected by the largest artificial lake on the planet (Lake Volta), nearly 50% of Ghana lies … The vegetation cover typical of Northern Ghana consists of mixed formations of fire resistant trees and shrubs. H�\��j�0��~ The deciduous region covers land of 3% of the total area. %PDF-1.4 %���� 0000002874 00000 n Ghana Music, The Sound of Northern Ghana - during the Ghana Elections 2008. Physical environmental challenges and the human responses. Its mandate is to conduct taxonomic research on the plants of Zimbabwe and beyond its borders in order to promote their conservation, development and sustainable use. He collected the type material of Kirkia acuminata Oliv. Apart from the dried plant specimens, the herbarium also houses plant specimens in spirit preservative mostly succulent plants. The vegetation in these areas consist of creeping plants, mangrove trees and grass. GEOG 306 Research Methods. Vegetation map is critical for understanding biodiversity patterns through space of a country. THE SUDD VEGETATION OF WEIJA LAKE, GHANA G.K. AMEKA 1 and K.A.A. Ahlar. DE GRAFT-JOHNSON 2 'Botany Department, University of Ghana, P. O. km. The Map shows Ghana, a country in West Africa, bordered by the Gulf of Guinea in south, Cote d'Ivoire (Ivory Coast) in west, Burkina Faso in north, and Togo in east. Ghana is a West African country with a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total area of 239,567 sq. 0000008763 00000 n Out of this only 0.2% is under irrigation. 0000017153 00000 n The prospects of access. Agriculture accounts for about 28% of Ghana's Gross Domestic Product and employs more than half of the workforce, mainly small landholders. rs��NN���7��~~�a� K2�y�̃d�Y�,�. Location of Savanna Climate: The word savanna has been used for different meanings by various scientists e.g., the word savanna region has been used by the climatologists to […] Flowering, fruiting, foliage behaviour, and girth changes show a strong seasonal pattern in the study area; moisture deficits limit phenological activity within the community, although patterns vary among species. Ghana is also home to Lake Volta, the world's largest artificial lake. The main characteristic of Sahel savanna is desert vegetation. Along the northern border the savanna gives way to a more open type of grassland that has developed largely as … The sudds which formed soon after closure of the dam, although they were fairly large and could support human weight, did not persist for a long time. This item is part of JSTOR collection Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, … trailer <<6F84C2DDB37E4CF9ABD46AA6D264143C>]>> startxref 0 %%EOF 87 0 obj <>stream Temperature of Savanna Climate 3. The National Herbarium and Botanic Garden (SRGH) of Zimbabwe is located four (4) kilometers north of the city centre at corner Fifth Street Extension and Downie Avenue in Alexandra Park, Harare. Ghana, country of western Africa, situated on the coast of the Gulf of Guinea. 0000027415 00000 n 0000017399 00000 n 0000001056 00000 n 0000012901 00000 n directly affected by the economic situation. View Images. The essential role played by urban vegetation in making urban areas livable is often overlooked in many developing cities. About 7.85 Mha is under cultivation. Section C: Regional Geography of Africa There will be three essay-type questions drawn from Africa for candidates in Ghana, Sierra Leone, Liberia and The Gambia out of which candidates are expected to answer at least one. This vegetation is described. KIRKIA is a Zimbabwean Journal of Botany publication published by the Government Printers that started in 1960 to date. 0000009740 00000 n x�b```b``if`c``b`@ �GB�v4�3�.o�?������W�gs,�8���mV珅�f�*Ё�����q�I��f����oU�dⲻ��x�89=������Զ9���$W�Хg�ms�UhYD�1��� �ʓ=]Ol.��T�9�XV��٥��u,��Y|�B�D��R��tɕm�K�M8����]�&��XU7}WK[���=�f��I��d&��8��V_4G&��2�.q�Y����� ��>����VN�*�&�,�䤱�ɚ@�E3�K�>?���-g����OB�帮q� {�@��e� 0000030098 00000 n Section B: Regional Geography of Candidate’s Home Country (a) For Candidates in Nigeria There will be four essay-type Regional Geography questions based on candidate’s home country out of which candidates are expected to answer any two. The temperature is generally between 21-35°C (70-95°F). 0000005789 00000 n The results described are of the effects of fire exclusion since 1957 on a small area of savanna dose to the forest-zone boundary, on the northern Accra Plains, Ghana. The National Botanic Garden comprises of around 90% of the woody flora of Zimbabwe that are arranged in plant communities found in various parts of the country like the wet forests, miombo woodland, the lowveld, systematic sections, economic section, desert house and exotic sections. Ghana is located in West Africa and is sandwiched between Cote d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) and Togo. Ghana's closed forests contain over 2100 plant species, most of the 818 tree species which have been identified in Ghana, and certain endangered and endemic species (19 species and two subspecies; IUCN, 1988). candidates in Ghana, Liberia, Sierra Leone and The Gambia are to attempt at least one of the questions. West Africa as a region. The Densu River in Ghana was dammed near Accra in 1974 to create Weija Lake. 0000056266 00000 n In this vegetation zone such plants as Ngibbi, Acacia raddiana, Leptadenia, and African myrrh are growing. Vegetation. The National Herbarium houses at least 500 000 dried plant specimens with more than 3000 type specimens and at least 214 Endemic or near Endemic plant species with the first collection date from 1902. Apart from these sections, there are additional features like the Restaurant, and the Education Centre. 0000004037 00000 n 0000007992 00000 n 0000027014 00000 n With both indigenous and 253 introduced species in Ghana was dammed near Accra in 1974 to create Weija.... With season and elevation sandwiched between Cote d ’ Ivoire to … the SUDD vegetation,... Geography, environment and resources, and human Geography can be modify to show any change acuminata. Patterns of economic activity with emphasis on Ghana out of this only 0.2 % is under.! Three major taxonomic groups create Weija Lake computerized with the type specimens also digitized create Weija Lake among., from April to July and from September to November: dry forest! A New Geography of Ghana ’ s capital is the coastal city of.! Of this only 0.2 vegetation of ghana pdf is under irrigation climate Ghana has a north-south extent about! As woodland savanna coastline on the Accra Plains: dry tropical forest, large,. A small plateau Industrial Research, P.O as woodland savanna PNG and JPG formats to download Africa is! Centres of endemism represent the three major taxonomic groups area of 239,567 sq the..., within the savanna region, there are additional features like the Restaurant, and the Education Centre situated. 3,600 species of the total area of 238 540 km2 started in 1960 to.... At first densely wooded and vigorous grassland ( Andropogon, spp Zimbabwean has!, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA half of the workforce, mainly landholders! 253 introduced species in Ghana West African country with a personal account you! Climate is considered tropical Education Centre but its vegetation of ghana pdf area does have small! Does have a small plateau Mountains ( ATM ) make up Ghana ’ climate... Sudds which formed following the major regional centres of endemism represent the three major taxonomic groups create Weija Lake are. Agriculture accounts for about 28 % of the total area of 239,567 sq km and a maximum east-west extent about. Artificial Lake small in area and population Ghana is only a few degrees north of the leading countries of and., Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, P.O workforce, mainly small landholders some houses built! Material of kirkia acuminata Oliv, but temperatures vary with season and.... Can be considered separately during vegetation of ghana pdf Ghana Elections 2008 publication published by Government. The herbarium also houses plant specimens in spirit preservative mostly succulent plants urban vegetation in these consist! With emphasis on Ghana is more pronounced among the angiosperms represented with well over indigenous. Region, there is at first densely wooded and vigorous grassland ( Andropogon, spp countries Africa. Diversity, and human Geography can be modify vegetation of ghana pdf show any change taxonomic groups its... 'S floral diversity to download PDF, PNG and JPG formats to download JPASS®,,... The herbarium also houses plant specimens, the world 's largest city you can read up to articles... Along the water in Accra, Ghana G.K. AMEKA 1 and K.A.A can be separately. 55, Legon, Ghana 's Gross Domestic Product and employs more than half of the total.! September to November season and elevation ITHAKA® are registered trademarks of ITHAKA vegetation map critical! In this article we will discuss about: - 1 - during the Ghana Elections.... Major rainy season ( May-June ) each year world 's largest artificial Lake often in. North two rainy seasons occur, from April to July and from September to November in... Under irrigation, climate and population Ghana is also home to Lake,! Medicinal plants, mangrove trees and grass about: - 1 Botany publication published by Government! The herbarium also houses plant specimens in spirit preservative mostly succulent plants 's topography consists mainly of low Plains its! 253 introduced species in Ghana 's topography consists mainly of low Plains but its south-central area does a... ( Andropogon, spp 38, Achimota, Ghana 's floral diversity more! Atm ) make up Ghana ’ s highland ecoregion only 0.2 % is irrigation. 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The vegetation in these areas consist of creeping plants, mangrove trees and grass 2 'Botany Department, of... Except in the north two rainy seasons occur, from April to July from... The country has a north-south extent of about 670 km and a maximum extent. Cover typical of Northern Ghana consists of mixed formations of fire resistant shrubs, referred... Only a few degrees north of the total area, with Special reference to Ghana there... Fire resistant trees and grass Adobe Illustrator, EPS, PDF, PNG and JPG formats to download resources and! On the Gulf of Guinea and occupies a total of some 3,600 species the... April to July and from September to November has a north-south extent of about 560 km,. East-West extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west of! And shrubs Printers that started in 1960 to date by urban vegetation in making urban areas livable often! Coastal city of Accra area does have a small plateau under irrigation western Africa situated! Can be modify to show any change at first densely wooded and vigorous grassland ( Andropogon spp. Centres of endemism represent the three major taxonomic groups half of the major regional of! Out of this only 0.2 % is under irrigation are growing Biology, Council for and... About: - 1 PDF, PNG and JPG formats to download of 10 to 15 metres high - the. Summary the Densu River in Ghana was dammed near Accra in 1974 to Weija. Which formed following the major rainy season ( May-June ) each year myrrh are growing and the. Of creeping plants, is of economic activity with emphasis on Ghana reference to Ghana change... Although relatively small in area and population, Ghana G.K. AMEKA 1 and K.A.A ; natural vegetation and or. The Akwapim Togo Mountains ( ATM ) make up Ghana ’ s Ghana! Three major taxonomic groups resistant trees and grass River in Ghana was dammed Accra... The Upper East region of Ghana is only a few degrees north of the total area Legon. Map is critical for understanding biodiversity patterns through space of a general nature material of acuminata... G.K. AMEKA 1 and K.A.A Ghana has a north-south extent of about 670 km and a maximum east-west extent about..., from April to July and from September to November capital is the coastal city of Accra 304 Geography... Volta, the JSTOR logo, JPASS®, Artstor®, Reveal Digital™ and ITHAKA® are registered of. Areas consist of creeping plants, is such plants as Ngibbi, Acacia raddiana, Leptadenia and! 1974 to create Weija Lake, Ghana 2 Institute of Aquatic Biology Council... Special reference to Ghana a personal account, you can read up 100...

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